Chronology of the Khaksar Tehrik and its Leader, Allama Mashriqi

Al-Islah Weekly

Period of Chronology:
1888-1940  | 1940-1947

The chronology below has been made to ease the work of researchers, scholars, and students of Pakistan history. It includes the following:

This chronology is not yet complete, however, more information shall be added as and when possible. Please note that the author has made every attempt to provide an error free chronology. However, errors, mistakes, and omissions are possible due to human error or for any other reason. The author cannot be held responsible for such errors, mistakes, or omissions.

It is important to note that newspapers such as The Bombay Chronicle, The Hindustan Times, and The Tribune did not belong to the Khaksar Tehrik. It is highly recommended that researchers and authors read Al-Islah weekly (the Khaksar Tehrik’s weekly) in order to get a true sense of the Khaksars’ point of view.

1888 August 25, Inayatullah Khan (Allama Mashriqi) is born.

1895 Mashriqi meets Sir Syed Ahmed Khan with his father at Rampur in India.

1897 Mashriqi starts school at B.N.Public School in Amritsar, India.

1900 Mashriqi is first in the entire district in middle school examination.

1900 He begins studying at Government High School in Amritsar.

1902 He passes the Matric exam from Government High School with distinction and was awarded a Certificate of Proficiency in Mathematics, Persian and Arabic.

1904 Mashriqi passes his intermediate examination and stood first in the entire district. He also received Jubilee Scholarship and Proficiency awards in the subjects of Arabic, Mathematics and English. He went to Church Mission College and won a Jubilee Scholarship and proficiency prizes in Mathemetics, Arabic, and English.

1904 Mashriqi comes to F.C. College (Foreman Christian College) in Lahore for his Bachelor of Arts degree.

1906 He graduates from F.C. College.

1907 He passes his M.A. in Mathematics from the University of Punjab and broke all previous records. The Governor of Punjab congratulated him on his success.

1907 April 14 The Daily Tribune in Lahore paid rich tributes to Mashriqi on securing First Class in Mathematics, writing, "We offer our hearty congratulations to Mr. Inayatullah Khan of the Foreman Christian College on the brilliant success he has achieved at the last M.A. examination of the Punjab University. It is no mean achievement to secure First Class in Mathematics at the M.A. examination and well might our countrymen congratulate themselves at the unique success achieved by Mr. Inayatullah…."

1907 October 21 Mashriqi joined Christ's College at Cambridge University in England.

1908 He secured a scholarship at Christ's College. He was declared Foundation Scholar at Cambridge University.

1909 Passed Tripos in Mathematics and won the titles of Wrangler and Bachelor Scholar.

1909 June 22 He obtained a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree from Cambridge University.

1911 He received honors in Natural Sciences Tripos at Cambridge University.

1911 He passed Oriental Languages Tripos at Cambridge University.

1911 June 17 The Times, London wrote:

"Inayatullah Khan of Christ's College, besides gaining First Class in Oriental Languages obtained Honours in Natural Sciences. He became Wrangler only after two years residence."

1911 June 17 The Daily Mirror, London writes:

"This year at Cambridge Inayatullah Khan of Amritsar and a student of Christ's College has obtained the unusual distintion of successfully competing for two Triposes at the same time and obtaining a First Class and Honours in them."

1911 June 17 The Telegraph, London:

"Other Tripos lists were issued yesterday. Among the names stands conspicuous the name of Inayatullah Khan whose University career presents a series of remarkable successes."

1911 June 30 Indian Student, London:

"But it has been given to a few Indian students in England to achieve such academic distinctions as has fallen to the lot of Mr. Inayatullah whose name appears both in the Oriental Languages and the Natural Sciences Tripos this year. Born in 1888 he did his B.A. while yet a boy of 18 in First Class and got his M.A. in Mathemetics only one year later taking a First Class for the first time in the history of the Punjab University in 1907. In 1908, he was Foundation Scholar at Cambridge and Wrangler and Bachelor Scholar in 1909. We hope and pray that his exceptional abilities may find adequate opportunities for consecrating themselves to the service of his country and glory of his God."

1912 June 12 The Cambridge Daily News lauded his performance at Cambridge University. "A further batch of lists was published this morning. Chief interest was taken in the performance of Inayatullah Khan of Christ's College who has proved himself the best all-round Indian student ever at Cambridge. The best known Indians previuosly are, perhaps, B.P.Paranjpye and A.T.Rajan, both of whom were bracketed senior Wranglers. A few years ago S.A.Majid came along and besides passing both parts of Law Tripos, obtained honours in Oriental Languages Tripos. All these performances are swept aside by the achievement of Inayatullah Khan of Christ's College who yesterday obtained a First Class in the Mechanical Sciences Tripos…He is believed to be the first man of any nationality to obtain honours in four different Triposes. He established a record at the Punjab University also in Mathematics by gaining First Class for the first time in the history of the University. He has carried off a very large number of awards at Christ's College."

1912 June 12 the Westminster Gazette writes:

"A brilliant Indian Scholar, Inayatullah Khan, who today passed, besides his three other Triposes, another Tripos is one of the most distinguished Indians ever seen up."

1912 The Star, London writes:

"It was hitherto considered not possible at Cambridge that a man could take four Triposes in the short period of five years, but it is to the credit of India that Inayatullah Khan of Christ's College has accompalished the feat. In 1909, he was declared a Wrangler, two years later he secured First Class Honours in Oriental Languages Tripos and Natural Sciences Tripos at one and the same time and established a record performance."

1912 The Daily Chronicle, London writes:

"The Mechanical Science Tripos result which was published at Cambridge yesterday was notable for the success of Inayatuallah Khan who is belived to be the first man to take honours in four different Tripos. He must be placed in the first rank of Indians who have been educated in this country."

1912 June 13 The Yorkshire Post writes:

"Inayatullah Khan…has proved himself the best student ever at Cambridge. He is believed to be the first man of any nationality to obtain honours in four different subjects…"

1912 Evening News writes:

"Two special features gave distinction to the Mechanical Sciences Tripos published today at Cambridge, an Indian scholar, Inayatullah Khan, passing his fourth Tripos…"

1912 He completes his education at Cambridge University.

1913 While he was still in England, the Maharaja of Alver offered him a State Premiership. He politely declined the offer.

1913 January Mashriqi returned to India.

1913 April The Governor of the NWFP appointed him Vice Principal of Islamia College in Peshawar.

1916 He was promoted to the rank of Principal of Islamia College.

1917 October 17 The British government appointed him Under Secretary of Education in British India in place of Sir John Anderson.

1918 February 19 Mashriqi, as the Under Secretary, recommends the following Muslims for a vacancy in a government position:

  1. Dr. Iqbal (Allama Iqbal)
  2. Afzal Hussain of Cambridge University
  3. Qazi, a Wrangler from Cambridge University.
  4. Mirza Ali Mohammad Khan

  5. Source: Al-Mashriqi by Dr. Azmatullah Bhatti page 301

1919 September He became member of the Indian Education Service (I.E.S.)

1920 He was offered Ambassadorship of Afganistan. He declined the offer.

1920 He started writing his book Tazkirah.

1920 December Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar invites him to become the Head of the Mathematics Department at Jamia Millia Islamia University.

1921 He was offered Knighthood (Title of Sir) but Mashriqi did not accept it.

1923 Mashriqi was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts- F.R.S.A (London)
Source: Luminaries page 261

1924 His book, Tazkirah, was published.

1925 Tazkirah was nominated for the Nobel Prize.

1925 Mashriqi sent a copy of Tazkirah to Mustafa Kamal Pasha of Turkey.

1925 October 18 Mashriqi wrote a letter to Mustafa Kamal Pasha of Turkey.

1926 He heads a delegation to Cairo, Egypt for Motamar-I-Khilafat Conference. It was held May 13-22, 1926.
Source: The Muslim Luminaries page 264

1926 May 13 He delivered his historic speech, Khitab-e- Misr, at the Motamar-I-Khilafat Conference at Egypt.

1926 Mashriqi meets Einstein at his house.

1926 Mashriqi towards the end of the year returned to India from his foreign tour.

1928 Vocational and Technical education in schools was enforced by Mashriqi.

1929 He becomes Fellow Asiatic Society of France.

1930 Mashriqi lays the foundation for the Khaksar Tehrik.

1930 He becomes a member of the International Congress of Orientalists (Leiden).

1930 He attends the Palestine World Conference.

1931 August 01 Mashriqi’s book, Ishaa'rat, is published. It explains the philosophy of the Khaksar Tehrik.

1932 Mashriqi met Abul Kalam Azad at Dehli. Abul Kalam Azad had said that the Khaksar Tehrik was the only party, which could eradicate the problems of Muslims. It might be of interest to some people that Abu Kalam Azad used to work as an editor at Mashriqi's father’s weekly, Vakil, from Amritsar.

1934 November 22 Al-Islah weekly, a publication of the Khaksar Tehrik, is started from Lahore.

1935 November 15 Mashriqi’s book, Qaul-e-Faisal, is published.

1936 January 10 Allama Mashriqi's addresses the Muslims at Dehli.

1936 April 24 A report is made on the activites of the Khaksar camp in Rawalpindi

1936 July 31 Mashriqi addresses Khaksars at Amritsar Khaksar Camp.

1936 August 10 Mashriqi addresses Khaksars at Gujrat Khaksar Camp.

1936 September 25 Mashriqi's book, Maulvi Ka Ghalat Muzhab, is published.

1936 September 27 Mashriqi's addresses Khaksars at Lahore Khaksar Camp.

1936 October 16 Al-Islah (Khaksar Tehrik’s weekly) publishes Mashriqi's address to the Khaksars at Rawalpindi Khaksar Camp.

1936 November 29 Mashriqi's address Khaksars at Sialkot Khaksar Camp.

1937 Mashriqi is elected President of the All World’s Faiths Conference, which is to be held at Indore, India on April 18, 1938.

1937 January 27 Al-Islah publishes the first edition of Muqalaat of Mashriqi.

1937 March 14 Mashriqi addresses Khaksars at Lahore General Camp.

1937 March 25-27 Khaksar Camp held in Dehli.

1937 August 13-15 Mashriqi addresses Khaksars at Lyallpur (now Faisalabad, Pakistan) Khaksar Camp.

1937 August 20-22 Mashriqi addresses Khaksar camp in Lahore.

1937 October 15 Fourteen points of the Khaksar Tehrik are announced.

1937 December 11 A delegation of Khaksars meet at Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan, Premier of Punjab, with their demands.

1938 A picture album of Khaksar activities is published.

1938 January 01 Mashriqi addresses Khaksars at Lyallpur Khaksar Camp.

1938 February 27 Mashriqi addresses Khaksars near Gujrat.

1938 April 18 Mashriqi presides over the All World’s Faiths Conference. The duration of the conference was April 18-21, 1938.

1938 May 30 Mian Ahmed Shah (Barrister) heads a delegation of Khaksars and meets Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan, the Premier of the Punjab.

1938 June 05 Mashriqi addresses Khaksar Camp at Ludhiana.

1938 August 28 Mashriqi delivers a speech at the Khaksar Camp in Murree.

1938 December 26 Mashriqi addresses a Khaksar Camp at Adori, Sind.

1939 January 27 Mashriqi message to women is published in Al-Islah, the weekly newspaper of the Khaksar Tehrik.

1939 April 07-09 A Khaksar Camp is held in Rawalpindi.

1939 April 25 Dr. Sir Zia ud Din writes a letter to Allama Mashriqi to resolve the Sunni-Shia riots at Lucknow.

1939 May 25 Dr. Sir Zia ud Din writes another letter to Allama Mashriqi to resolve the Sunni-Shia riots at Lucknow

1939 June 25 Mashriq addresses Central Camp at Abbotabad.

1939 July 02, Mashriqi addresses Khaksars near Gujranwala.

1939 July 16 Mashriqi addresses Khaksars at Quetta.

1939 July 22-24 Khaksar Camp is held at Jehlum.

1939 August Khaksar Camp is held in Delhi.

1939 August 24 Mashriqi arrives in Lucknow to settle the Shia-Sunni dispute and put an end to the riots.

1939 September 01 Mashriqi and many Khaksars are arrested.

1939 September 02 Mashriqi and the Khaksars are released.

1939 September 12 Mashriqi is again arrested.

1939 September 17 Khaksars are arrested by the Government of United Province (U.P.)

1939 September 27 The Statesman publishes news about the arrest of the Khaksars at Ghaziabad.

1939 October 08 Nawab Ismail Khan, following Mr. Jinnah’s suggestion, meets Mashriqi in Lucknow jail.

1939 October 10 Quaid-e-Azam writes a letter to Mashriqi

1939 October 11 Dr. Sir Ziaud Din meets Quaid-e-Azam to discuss the Khaksar issue with the Government of U.P.

1939 October 13 Khaksars are killed by police firing in Bulandshar

1939 October 14 Mashriqi is released. Mashriqi, accompanied by Sir Ziauddin Ahmed, come to Dehli from Lucknow.

1939 October 14 Mashriqi writes a letter to Mr Jinnah.

1939 October 15 Quaid-e-Azam meets Mashriqi in Dehli

1939 October 15 Quaid-e-Azam writes a letter to Mashriqi.

1939 October 16 Quaid-e-Azam visits Mashriqi at the Khaksar Camp in Dehli. Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan accompanies him. This is reported in The Statesman of October 17, 1939.
Source: The Statesman of October 17, 1939

1939 October 16 Sir Abdur Rahim (President of the Legislative Assembly), Sir Abdullah Haroon, and Sir Ziaud Din Ahmed visit Mashriqi at the Khaksar Camp in Dehli. This is reported in The Statesman of October 17, 1939.
Source: The Statesman of October 17, 1939

1939 October 19 Mashriqi sends a telegram to Quaid-e-Azam.

1939 October 25 Mashriqi writes a letter to Quaid-e-Azam

1939 October 26 Quaid-e-Azam writes to Mashriqi.

1939 October 28 Mr Ahmed Shah, Bar at Law and a lieutenant of Mashriqi, meets Mr. R.A. Kidwai, the Minister of Jails, regarding the Khaksar issue with the Government of U.P. The Statesman reports this on October 30, 1939.

1939 October 28 More Khaksars are arrested at Aminabad, Lucknow.

To continue, click on 1940-1947:

1888-1940  | 1940-1947

Copyright © Nasim Yousaf 2001-2002. This information has been extracted from a book about Allama Mashriqi and the Khaksar Tehrik that Mr. Nasim Yousaf is currently working on.